By Arla, Jan 18 2021 02:00AM
While the Pharisees are legalistic and concerned with controlling all things external and behavioral, the Sadducees are intellectuals and all about science. Forerunners of the first Deists and materialists, they believe God isn't involved or interested in humanity. Having no use for miracles, they don’t believe in resurrection either, thinking God would need to reconstitute flesh and blood--an impossibility.
Sadducees are wealthy and have the influence money brings. The High Priest is usually chosen from them, and typically, they hold themselves aloof from the people. They treat Pharisees with disdain also, even though both compose the Sanhedrin.
Until Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead, they were aloof and disdainful toward Jesus as well. But resurrecting someone who'd been dead four days got their attention. Now they are alarmed and feel the need to discredit him.
So they come with a story. Referring to the law, they tell Jesus about a family who had seven sons. The oldest was married but died, and each successive son dutifully married his widow (according to their law) and also died. Now they smugly inquire, "In the resurrection, whose wife will she be?"
Kindly and swiftly, Jesus cuts to their core, "Your problem is you don't know the scriptures or the power of God. In heaven, resurrected people will be like angels--unmarried.
"But about the resurrection, God spoke to Moses of dead people as though they're alive because to Him all exist in the now, whether resurrected or dead."
No one had a comeback, or any more traps, and they prided themselves on knowing scripture!
Matthew 22:23-33, Mark 12:18-27, Luke 20:27-39